By ancient Mediterranean cultures
“In other cultures they where carried by gods, when they where still visible to human beings: Zeus had a staff, Poseidon a had a trident, Dionysus (Bacchus) had a long Thyros staff, decorated with wines, Hercules (a hero) had a club, when he dies came in to Olympus carry on it. Aeskulapius, had his staff, with a serpent winding upwards. Thor carried a long shafted hammer made from the wood of an ash tree. And what was done by gods was carried on by the pristers: they also stressed their positions by carrying staffs”. Walkingsticks.1984. Ulrich Klever Pag: 12
We will find the Cane among all cultured people, Assyrians, Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, often with the purpose of distinctive, hierarchical or nobiliary sign.